A game is an activity, sport or entertainment usually involving skill, knowledge or chance in which players follow fixed rules and compete to win. It may be played with a set of physical objects or electronic devices. The term is often used to describe a video game, but it can also refer to any form of structured play. Various theories and definitions of games exist, including those based on cognitive psychology, art, and social science. Many games are viewed as fun, but others have a more serious purpose or educational value. Some games require a high level of skill, while others are more suited to beginners.
A wide variety of games are available, ranging from card and board games to computer and console-based titles. Some games are abstract, while others involve complex rule sets and strategic thinking. Some are competitive, while others are cooperative. Most games require the use of some sort of “game token” (either real or virtual), which is manipulated by the player(s) in the pursuit of a goal. Examples of game tokens include chess pieces, dice, dominoes, Monopoly hotels and jacks and checkers pieces.
The game’s tools and rules determine whether it requires skill, strategy or luck, and how the player interacts with the other elements of the game. The most important factor in a game is the player’s enjoyment of it. If a player does not enjoy a game, they will not play it long or well.
Games can be categorized by how much they require physical exertion and the space they require to play. Tabletop games are those that can be played on a table, with little or no other space requirements. These games generally do not require large amounts of strength or stamina and do not demand specialized equipment beyond what comes in a box. They may be as simple as placing, picking up and moving game pieces.
In addition to their fun and entertainment value, many games are also a means of exercise or a way to socialize. Some games, such as billiards and darts, are considered sports. Others, such as poker and other gambling games, are considered to be games of skill.
There is growing evidence that some types of video games can improve brain function in a limited number of areas, such as visual processing, focus and attention span, and the ability to shift between tasks. Researchers hope to harness this potential for learning, and use it in educational settings.
The process of creating a video game involves many different departments and people working in tandem to complete the final product. Programmers write the code, art and sound designers create graphics and character assets, voice actors record dialog and musicians compose music for the soundtrack. The game is tested during the development phase and is not ready for release until it has been vetted by the gaming community and by critics. It is at this point that the game is referred to as an “AAA” title, meaning it has a significant budget and a lot of backing.